A Public Bicycle Sharing System Considering Renting and Middle Stations

Document Type : Original Manuscript


1 Department of Industrial Engineering, Mazandaran University of Science and Technology

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Mazandaran University of Science and Technology, Babol, Iran

3 Sharif University of Technology

4 Amirkabir University of Technology



Recently, public bicycle sharing system (PBSS) has become one of the most favorite urban transportation systems that can help governments to decrease environmental problems such as pollution and traffic. This paper studies a sharing system that includes two types of stations. The first category contains stations that users can rent or return back bicycles and each bicycle can be rented by any new user who arrives to the stations. The second group is the stations which are near shopping centers, historical and other places that users and tourists can stop and visit them. These stations are used only for parking the rented bicycles for a period of time and after that, the users must ride their bicycles and turn them back to their destination stations. After discussing the network of the model under the closed Jackson network, the Mean Value Analysis (MVA) method will be used to calculate the mean queue of each station and analyzing the proposed model.

Graphical Abstract

A Public Bicycle Sharing System Considering Renting and Middle Stations


  • The stations of the public bicycle sharing systems are divided into two groups.
  • The first group (rental stations) contains the stations that users can rent a bike and return the bicycles to them.
  • The second group (middle stations) of stations are located near to shopping centers and visiting places and users can park their rented bikes for a period of time and then take them back and ride them to their destination stations.
  • Viewing the system from a bicycle perspective, this model can be studied under a closed Jackson network.


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