Multi-objective Optimization of Turning of Titanium Alloy Under Minimum Quantity Lubrication

Document Type : Original Manuscript


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, India

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India.

3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, India.


In the present study, the machining performance of titanium grade-1 alloy is evaluated in terms of resultant cutting force, machined surface roughness, and material removal rate (MRR) through a multi-objective optimization approach. Turning experiments were performed with CVD-coated TiCN-Al2O3 carbide inserts using vegetable oil-based nanofluid under minimum quantity lubrication. The nanofluid was prepared using coconut oil as a base fluid mixed with boron nitride (hBN) nanoparticles. Experiments were performed by varying the cutting speed, feed, depth of cut, and nanoparticles concentration in a base fluid. The Desirability Function Approach (DFA), a Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS), Grey Relational Analysis (GRA), and Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) are used to optimize the machining performance. The optimized solutions from different optimization techniques are observed in better agreement. The results show optimum performance at the higher cutting speed, higher depth of cut, lower feed, and lower concentration of nanoparticles. Lowest values for resultant force and surface roughness of 387 N and 0.47 µm, respectively, and maximum MRR of 9375 mm3/min could be obtained using the cutting speed, feed, depth of cut, and nanoparticles concentration of 125 m/min, 0.1 mm/rev, 0.75 mm, and 0.3%, respectively. However, little compromising the surface roughness to a higher value of 0.83 µm with almost the same resultant force, the higher MRR of 15000 mm3/min could be obtained using higher cutting parameters. It has been observed that the resultant force and surface roughness are significantly affected by the depth of cut and feed, respectively. However, the concentration of nanoparticles has been observed to have a lower prominent effect on the surface roughness and resultant force.

Graphical Abstract

Multi-objective Optimization of Turning of Titanium Alloy Under Minimum Quantity Lubrication


  • The coconut oil mixed with boron nitride nanoparticles used under MQL turning of Ti alloy
  • Depth of cut, nanoparticles concentration significantly affects cutting force in titanium turning
  • Feed significantly and nanoparticles concentration negligibly affect surface roughness
  • NSGA-II followed by desirability function approach are better for multi-objective optimization


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